Information about Armenia
Official Name - Republic of Armenia - Hayastany Hanrapetoutyun (Hayastan)
Official Language - Armenian
Capital City - Yerevan
Religion - Christian, Armenian Apostolic Church
Currency Unit - Armenian Dram, introduced in 1993
Territory - 29.74 thousand square kilometers
Population - 3,002,000 (as of 2001), 96% of which are Armenians.
Ethnic Breakdown - Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews and others (4%)
Natural Resources - Armenia is rich in copper, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt also exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are abundant.
Average elevation - 1800 m.
The greatest height - Aragats mountain - 4090 m.
The least height - Debed river canyon - 380 m.
The greatest extent - 360 km.
Climate - dry, continental
IV-III thousand years B.C. - origin of forearmenian tribal unions on the territory of the Armenian Plateau.
782 B.C. - establishment of Yerevan city.
VI-V centuries B.C. - completion of the Armenian people's ethnic forming on the Armenian Plateau territory and development of the Armenian language.
301 A.D. - official acceptance by Armenia of Christianity as a state religion.
405 A.D. - creation of the Armenian Alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots - the basis of written language.